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Central bank of Egypt unleashes bold monetary measures

The Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) has announced a significant shift in monetary policy, opting to let market dynamics dictate the value of the Egyptian pound (EGP). Simultaneously, the bank has raised interest rates by a substantial 6 percent. This decision, strategically timed just ahead of the holy month of Ramadan, represents the fourth devaluation of the Egyptian pound since 2022. Each adjustment aims to tackle the persistent challenge of inflation within the country.

Central bank of Egypt unleashes bold monetary measures

The primary objective behind this move is to streamline exchange rates and eradicate foreign exchange bottlenecks that have arisen due to disparities between official and parallel exchange markets. The announcement was made following a special session of the bank’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC). In a statement issued by the MPC, the central bank outlined its rationale, stating, “The elimination of the parallel foreign exchange market is expected to dampen inflation expectations and rein in underlying inflation. Accordingly, headline inflation is projected to follow a steadily decelerating path over the medium term.”

The Central Bank of Egypt has opted to relinquish direct control over the value of the Egyptian pound (EGP), allowing market forces to play a more significant role in determining its worth. This departure from traditional interventionist policies signifies a bold step towards a more flexible exchange rate regime. In tandem with its currency adjustment, the Central Bank of Egypt has enacted a substantial 6 percent increase in interest rates. This hike underscores the bank’s commitment to recalibrating monetary policy levers to address economic challenges effectively.

The timing of these monetary maneuvers, just preceding the commencement of Ramadan, underscores the urgency felt by Egyptian authorities to stabilize the economy amidst heightened consumption and spending during this sacred period. With the Central Bank of Egypt’s latest actions, the nation’s economic landscape is set for significant transformation. By embracing market-driven exchange rates and adjusting interest rates, Egypt aims to navigate through inflationary pressures and foster long-term economic stability.

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